According to figures, onychomycosis or generally known as toenail fungus affects almost half of Americans, 70 years of age and beyond. This is a condition that is caused by a group of fungus called dermatophytes. Demonstrably, these fungus grow and they feed on the surface of the toenail known as keratin. it appears that, children are not that affected. however, the occurrence of this type of condition increases with maturity. the fungal infection happens when microscopic fungi begins to enter a small trauma in the nail, then grow and spread in the warm and damp areas inside the person’s socks or shoes.
What causes toenail fungal infection?
The fungus thrive in damp areas and people can get infected from showers, common gymnasiums and pools. This can be carried among family members and links via direct or indirect contact.
Unfortunately, this disease can be transmitted from one toe to another or even to the other areas of the body. Individuals who are agile in sports and like to wear tight-fitted shoes or seldom dry their feet are at higher risk of developing this condition.
How do you tell if you have fungal toenail infection?
The most common symptoms of toenail fungal infection are stinking debris beneath the toenail, hardening of the infected toenail, discoloration of the toenail, falling off of the toenail, and discernible spots along the sides of the affected toenails.
There is a big difference between the infection in fingernails and toenails for the reason that it is more difficult to treat infected toenails. the big and little toenails are more predisposed to this fungal infection even though the other toenails can also be infected.
To correctly manage the condition, it is important to know the risk factors associated with the disease like the following – wet and moist feet, abnormal PH of the skin and low immune system. People suffering from diabetes have a high risk of having a toenail fungus since their immune system is weak. Noticeably, most diabetics would seek the help of a podiatrist to assist them in managing their sensitive toenails.
Is the Condition Curable?
As soon as you have detected the symptoms related with the condition, you need to consult a professional right away. the condition is curable. nevertheless, the management process is gradual. There are two main types of fungal infection treatment. the first one is the topical cure that are usually applied to the surface of the nail. Second is per orem medicine. From the word itself, it is taken orally.
Research studies proved that topical treatment for nail fungus works best in the early periods of a mild infection. also, a health care professional may prescribe ciclopirox which is an anti-fungal nail polish that is applied on the infected nails and surrounding skin. you can also find supplementary over-the-counter fungus treatments, although their effectiveness varies.
More often than not, individuals who are affected with the disease would choose to take the oral medications as they are more convenient. in addition, house or ‘natural’ remedies are still used by some. these remedies differ from apple cider vinegar and tea tree oil to balm and mouthwash. nevertheless, none of them has been verified scientifically.
Is the condition avoidable? Since treating a toenail infection can be very complicated, it is best to try to prevent the occurrence of the condition. Remember the importance of wearing protective shoes or flip-flops when using communal showers, pool and gyms. By doing so, you are protecting your feet from contracting hidden microorganisms and fungi. also, as much as possible do not borrow other people’s socks or shoes especially if he has recognizable toenail fungus symptoms. cut your toenails and wash your feet regularly. you should dry them thoroughly particularly after taking a shower. keep in mind that early detection is key to the treatment plan. so if you suspect any symptoms, contact your respective health care provider in order to be given the appropriate diagnosis and treatment for the condition.