Based on the latest statistics, onychomycosis which is regularly referred to as toenail fungal infection affects half of American society, 70 years old and above. this is a disease that is caused by a group of fungus called dermatophytes. Demonstrably, these fungus multiply and they feed on the surface of the toenail known as keratin. it seems that, kids are not that affected. then again, the prevalence of this condition increases as the person advances in age. the fungal infection happens when microscopic fungi begins to enter a small trauma in the nail, then blossom and spread in the warm and damp areas inside the person’s socks or shoes.
So, what causes the development of the fungal infection?
The fungus thrive in moist areas and people can get infected from showers, public gymnasiums and pools. this can be carried amongst family members and associates via direct or indirect contact.
This type of disease can be passed from one toe to another, or to other areas of the body. Individuals who are agile in sports and like to wear tight-fitted shoes or work in moist environment have a higher chance of developing this infection.
What are the symptoms?
The most common symptoms of toenail fungal infection are odorous debris below the toenail, hardening of the infected toenail, discoloration of the toenail, falling off of the toenail, and distinct spots along the sides of the affected toenails.
Obviously, toenail and fingernail fungal infections are entirely different. clearly, the former is harder to treat. the most predisposed area to be infected are the big and little toenails. in spite of this, the other toenails are still not spared as the infection can be transmitted to surrounding areas.
In addition, other risk factors distinct with this condition are: not drying off the feet thoroughly, abnormal PH level of the skin, and a low immune system of a person who has been exposed to a fungus. People suffering from diabetes have a high risk of having a toenail fungus since their immune system is weak. Observably, nearly all diabetics would seek the help of a podiatrist to help them in managing their sensitive toenails.
Is the Condition Curable?
As soon as the fungal infection begins, it is important to have it assessed by a professional. the condition is curable. however, the management process is slow. there are two main types of fungal infection treatment. the first one is the topical medicine that are usually applied to the surface of the nail. second is per orem medication. From the word itself, it is taken orally.
Based on clinic studies, topical remedies for nail fungus are highly favorable during the early stage of the infection. furthermore, a health care professional may perhaps prescribe ciclopirox which is an anti-fungal nail polish that is applied on the infected nails and surrounding skin. over the counter medications are also available, just be careful in choosing the accurate medication for your symptoms.
Some people with toenail fungal infection choose oral medications as they find them more effective, especially those categorized as advanced medications. in addition, house or ‘natural’ remedies are still used by some. These remedies vary from apple cider vinegar and tea tree oil to balm and mouthwash. on the other hand, these remedies are still under a sequence of medical tests and research to confirm their usefulness.
Is the condition preventable? since treating a toenail infection can be very difficult, it is best to try to prevent the development of the condition. Remember the importance of wearing protective shoes or sandals when using public showers, pool and gyms. By doing so, you are protecting your feet from contracting hidden bacteria and fungi. also, as much as possible do not borrow other people’s socks or shoes especially if he has recognizable toenail fungus symptoms. Trim your toenails and wash your feet frequently. You should dry them thoroughly especially after taking a shower. Remember that early detection is key to the treatment plan. so if you suspect any symptoms, contact your respective health care provider in order to be given the right diagnosis and lotion for the condition.